3D and Virtual Reality
3D Training Materials
Bringing Cultural Heritage 3D Content to the Web Using the X3DOM Framework is a Case Study and Tutorial which focuses on the development and use of the X3DOM framework. It provides a tutorial on how X3DOM can be used as a carrier for bringing 3D content of cultural heritage to end-users on the Web. The tutorial is related with the development of a dynamic Website that integrates HTML, X3DOM and PHP technologies in order to deliver 3D content to the end-user without the need of installing any plug-ins in a Web-browser.
|D5.1: Functional specification of requirements for preparing 3D/VR for Europeana||This project deliverable describes how to publish 3D/VR content in the PDF format for uploading to Europeana.||Final||5.64MB|
|D5.4: 3D Training Materials||This training manual provides a guide on how to create effective 3D PDF files through conversion from other commonly used formats in cultural heritage applications.||Final||2.03MB|
3D PDFs for viewing
These PDF files have been prepared by a small group of CARARE partners who are in the process of preparing their highly complex and data intensive 3D reconstruction files into more user friendly formats that can be viewed by anyone with a standard PC and software. 3D PDF is the format currently being used by CARARE as this best meets the requirements at this time.
You will need Adobe Acrobat 7 or later to enable 3D viewing. Some of these files are also very large and may run slowly on less powerful PCs.
The curated objects are (English) text documents with embedded 3D images that can be individually manipulated.
|Castle of Bouvignes, Belgium - landscape||6.4MB|
|Ename Abbey, Belgium||9.7MB|
|Macellum at Pompeii, Italy||8.3MB|
|St. John Abbey, Biograd, Croatia||10.5MB|
|- Capitel 1||200kB|
|- Capitel 2||Objects from St. John Abbey (see above)||200kB|
|- Pulpit column||100kB|
|3D Monuments from the National Heritage Board of Poland||The text provided is in Polish some English extracts have been provided here.|
|Apartment Building Bogatynia||3D image of an 18th centry apartment building at ul. Strumykowa 1, Bogatynia, Poland.||19.6MB|
|Church at Lipnica Murowana||The Church was built in the late fifteenth century on the site of an older church. In the second half of the seventeenth century and in 1710, repairs were carried out. In July 1997, water flooded the church. The water destroyed the portal and interior to height of about 80 cm. The church is built of thick larch framework placed on a stone foundation. The church is covered with shingles and has a relatively complicated roof designs, which gives the Gothic building its soaring shape. On the ridge rises a Baroque turret of 1689 which replaced an earlier Gothic one.||21.1MB|
|3D image of Dobra Nowogardzka Castle||The beginning of construction of the castle began in the 1280's and went through many changes and transistions over the next centuries. In 1339 the castle was acquired by Ulrich von Devitz. At the end of the fourteenth century, the castle was expanded to become the strongest and the largest knight fortress of West Pomerania. In about 1538, the castle was rebuilt by order of Jost Devitza in an early Reneissance style. The external walls and the defence wall of the castle were built of stone with an average diameter about 60 cm. The corners are made of acurately shaped bigger blocks. The corner tower was built of stone to the height 6 m, the upper part was made of bricks. The northern wing was built of brick with stones in the facade. The thickness of the walls ranges from 1.4 m in the front and up to 2m on the eastern and western wall. At present the vaults and floors are not preserved. Originally the northern wing had a starry vault on a ground floor, while the upper floors had beamed ceilings.||21.7MB|
|- Photograph of large end wall||Photographs from Dobra Nowogardzka Castle (See above)||31.1MB|
|- Floor plan and 3D aspects of the castle||5.9MB|
|Other Miscellaneous Objects|
|The Head of Tutmoses III||Allard-Pierson Museum, Amsterdam||3.5MB|
|Restoration statue||Ath, Belgium||5MB|
|Interior portada||Seu Vella, Lleida, Spain||6.9MB|
|West portada||Seu Vella, Lleida, Spain||7.2MB|
|South spur from the Castle of Bouvignes||Belgium||4.2MB|
|Sanctuary of the public Lares||Pompeii, Italy (English text included)||15.9MB|
|Bowl from Caen||Spain||0.3MB|
3D Case Studies
Four 3D Case Studies have been prepared by CARARE partners who are supplying their 3D models to Europeana as 3D PDF documents. The first three case studies form the basis of Deliverable D5.5 Three Documented 3D/VR Case Studies and the fourth was included as an annex to D5.4 3D Training Materials.
Case Study 1: The Iberians in Europeana
The Andalusian Centre for Iberian Archaeology (CAAI) is a member of CARARE as a content provider. This case study focuses on the contribution of 2D and 3D contents related to the archaeological remains of the culture of the Iberians. CAAI has access to two large digital collections, one containing over two thousand cultural resources which include several 3D models which incorporate the CAAI’s latest interventions in the cemetery of Piquías (Arjona, Jaén) and metal items recorded in the recent surveys of the battle of Baecula (2nd Punic War) (Santo Tomé, Jaén). The other collection is of ceramics, mostly Iberian, built up between 2006 and 2010 under the research project CATA (Archaeological wheel ceramics in Andalusia), funded by the Regional Government. Two 3D PDF documents as supplied to Europeana are provided as examples with the CAAI Case Study which are both of ceramics.
Case Study 2: The Civil Forum of Pompeii
The Civil Forum of Pompeii, is based upon the SNS collection of 3D models which is composed of thirteen models of complex architectural structures and 322 smaller finds, covering an area of approximately 150×80 m corresponding to the area of the Forum of Pompeii. The 3D models are the result of a multi-resolution survey of the Pompeii Civil Forum, carried out in 2008 by a staff of the Politecnico of Milan with the objective of documenting the present status of the buildings, hence mainly for documentation and conservation purposes. Links are provided to the 21 3D models documented in the SNS Case Study. .
|D5.5 Case Study 2: The Civil Forum of Pompeii||Final||751.19kB|
Case Study 3: The Prehistory of Malta’s Cultural Heritage
Case Study 3 focuses upon a number of 3D models of megalithic temples which are World Heritage listed sites created by the national agency, Heritage Malta. These are large, complex structures and one in particular, the Hal Saflieni Hypogeum, posed specific problems as this is underground and therefore has more physical restrictions than a surface level structure to be addressed. With the assistance of experts from the University of Malta and Daniel Pletinckx of Visual Dimension, a CARARE 3D Technology provider, Heritage Malta is working on taking large complex 3D models and creating 3D-PDFs which require several magnitudes of size reduction in order to be accessible to the general public. Two examples of 3D-PDF documents created through CARARE are supplied with the deliverable of which one is a 3D model of a terracotta figurine discovered at the Hagar Qim Temples in Qrendi Malta and the second of the Tarxien Temples earliest remains which contains a model of the temple.
Case Study 4: The Hellenistic-Roman Theatre of Paphos
Case Study 4 describes the methodology adopted by STARC for the publication on the web and harvesting by Europeana of the virtual reconstruction of the Hellenistic-Roman Theatre of Paphos (Cyprus). STARC, in collaboration with a number of technical partners, produced a high-quality three-dimensional terrestrial model of the theatre by using state-of-the-art photogrammetric and laser scanning acquisition technologies. The 3D model represents the current physical state of the theatre and its surroundings. This Case Study was prepared as part of D5.4, 3D Training Materials and consequently goes into greater depth on the technical aspects.
|D5.4 Case Study 4: Paphos Case Study||Final||2.76MB|
Pompeii 3D PDFs
Fortuna Visiva of Pompeii
The following 21 3D PDF documents have been then published in the website of the “Fortuna Visiva of Pompeii” SNS Project. They are available for download at the following links, each one corresponding to a record describing a monument of the Pompeii Civil Forum, at the end of the record, under the label “Attachments:”.
Architectural elements found within the Forum (3 attached 3D PDF files)
Bases of honorary monuments in the Forum (2 attached 3D PDF files)
Porticos of the Forum (4 attached 3D PDF files)