3D and Virtual Reality

3D Training Materials

Technical Documents

Bringing Cultural Heritage 3D Content to the Web Using the X3DOM Framework is a Case Study and Tutorial which focuses on the development and use of the X3DOM framework. It provides a tutorial on how X3DOM can be used as a carrier for bringing 3D content of cultural heritage to end-users on the Web. The tutorial is related with the development of a dynamic Website that integrates HTML, X3DOM and PHP technologies in order to deliver 3D content to the end-user without the need of installing any plug-ins in a Web-browser.

Title Description Version Type Size
D5.1: Functional specification of requirements for preparing 3D/VR for Europeana This project deliverable describes how to publish 3D/VR content in the PDF format for uploading to Europeana. Final PDF 5.64MB
D5.4: 3D Training Materials This training manual provides a guide on how to create effective 3D PDF files through conversion from other commonly used formats in cultural heritage applications. Final PDF 2.03MB

3D PDFs for viewing

These PDF files have been prepared by a small group of CARARE partners who are in the process of preparing their highly complex and data intensive 3D reconstruction files into more user friendly formats that can be viewed by anyone with a standard PC and software. 3D PDF is the format currently being used by CARARE as this best meets the requirements at this time.

You will need Adobe Acrobat 7 or later to enable 3D viewing. Some of these files are also very large and may run slowly on less powerful PCs.

Curated objects

The curated objects are (English) text documents with embedded 3D images that can be individually manipulated.

Title Description Version Type Size
Castle of Bouvignes, Belgium - landscape PDF 6.4MB
Ename Abbey, Belgium PDF 9.7MB
Macellum at Pompeii, Italy PDF 8.3MB
St. John Abbey, Biograd, Croatia PDF 10.5MB
- Capitel 1 PDF 200kB
- Capitel 2 Objects from St. John Abbey (see above) PDF 200kB
- Column PDF 100kB
- Pulpit column PDF 100kB
3D Monuments from the National Heritage Board of Poland The text provided is in Polish some English extracts have been provided here.
Apartment Building Bogatynia 3D image of an 18th centry apartment building at ul. Strumykowa 1, Bogatynia, Poland. PDF 19.6MB
Church at Lipnica Murowana The Church was built in the late fifteenth century on the site of an older church. In the second half of the seventeenth century and in 1710, repairs were carried out. In July 1997, water flooded the church. The water destroyed the portal and interior to height of about 80 cm. The church is built of thick larch framework placed on a stone foundation. The church is covered with shingles and has a relatively complicated roof designs, which gives the Gothic building its soaring shape. On the ridge rises a Baroque turret of 1689 which replaced an earlier Gothic one. PDF 21.1MB
3D image of Dobra Nowogardzka Castle The beginning of construction of the castle began in the 1280's and went through many changes and transistions over the next centuries. In 1339 the castle was acquired by Ulrich von Devitz. At the end of the fourteenth century, the castle was expanded to become the strongest and the largest knight fortress of West Pomerania. In about 1538, the castle was rebuilt by order of Jost Devitza in an early Reneissance style. The external walls and the defence wall of the castle were built of stone with an average diameter about 60 cm. The corners are made of acurately shaped bigger blocks. The corner tower was built of stone to the height 6 m, the upper part was made of bricks. The northern wing was built of brick with stones in the facade. The thickness of the walls ranges from 1.4 m in the front and up to 2m on the eastern and western wall. At present the vaults and floors are not preserved. Originally the northern wing had a starry vault on a ground floor, while the upper floors had beamed ceilings. PDF 21.7MB
- Photograph of large end wall Photographs from Dobra Nowogardzka Castle (See above) PDF 31.1MB
- Floor plan and 3D aspects of the castle PDF 5.9MB
Other Miscellaneous Objects
The Head of Tutmoses III Allard-Pierson Museum, Amsterdam PDF 3.5MB
Restoration statue Ath, Belgium PDF 5MB
Interior portada Seu Vella, Lleida, Spain PDF 6.9MB
West portada Seu Vella, Lleida, Spain PDF 7.2MB
South spur from the Castle of Bouvignes Belgium PDF 4.2MB
Sanctuary of the public Lares Pompeii, Italy (English text included) PDF 15.9MB
Bowl from Caen Spain PDF 0.3MB

3D Case Studies

Four 3D Case Studies have been prepared by CARARE partners who are supplying their 3D models to Europeana as 3D PDF documents. The first three case studies form the basis of Deliverable D5.5 Three Documented 3D/VR Case Studies and the fourth was included as an annex to D5.4 3D Training Materials.

Case Study 1: The Iberians in Europeana

The Andalusian Centre for Iberian Archaeology (CAAI) is a member of CARARE as a content provider. This case study focuses on the contribution of 2D and 3D contents related to the archaeological remains of the culture of the Iberians. CAAI has access to two large digital collections, one containing over two thousand cultural resources which include several 3D models which incorporate the CAAI’s latest interventions in the cemetery of Piquías (Arjona, Jaén) and metal items recorded in the recent surveys of the battle of Baecula (2nd Punic War) (Santo Tomé, Jaén). The other collection is of ceramics, mostly Iberian, built up between 2006 and 2010 under the research project CATA (Archaeological wheel ceramics in Andalusia), funded by the Regional Government. Two 3D PDF documents as supplied to Europeana are provided as examples with the CAAI Case Study which are both of ceramics.

Title Version Type Size
D5.5 Case Study 1: The Iberians Final PDF 2.54MB
CAAI:3D PDF Ceramic No.1 - PDF 471.95kB
CAAI:3D PDF Ceramic No.2 - PDF 9.48MB

Case Study 2: The Civil Forum of Pompeii

The Civil Forum of Pompeii, is based upon the SNS collection of 3D models which is composed of thirteen models of complex architectural structures and 322 smaller finds, covering an area of approximately 150×80 m corresponding to the area of the Forum of Pompeii. The 3D models are the result of a multi-resolution survey of the Pompeii Civil Forum, carried out in 2008 by a staff of the Politecnico of Milan with the objective of documenting the present status of the buildings, hence mainly for documentation and conservation purposes. Links are provided to the 21 3D models documented in the SNS Case Study. .

Title Version Type Size
D5.5 Case Study 2: The Civil Forum of Pompeii Final PDF 751.19kB

Case Study 3: The Prehistory of Malta’s Cultural Heritage

Case Study 3 focuses upon a number of 3D models of megalithic temples which are World Heritage listed sites created by the national agency, Heritage Malta. These are large, complex structures and one in particular, the Hal Saflieni Hypogeum, posed specific problems as this is underground and therefore has more physical restrictions than a surface level structure to be addressed. With the assistance of experts from the University of Malta and Daniel Pletinckx of Visual Dimension, a CARARE 3D Technology provider, Heritage Malta is working on taking large complex 3D models and creating 3D-PDFs which require several magnitudes of size reduction in order to be accessible to the general public. Two examples of 3D-PDF documents created through CARARE are supplied with the deliverable of which one is a 3D model of a terracotta figurine discovered at the Hagar Qim Temples in Qrendi Malta and the second of the Tarxien Temples earliest remains which contains a model of the temple.

Title Version Type Size
D5.5 Case Study 3: Heritage Malta Final PDF 1MB
HM: Venus of Malta - PDF 1.62MB
HM: Tarxien Temples - PDF 5.83MB

Case Study 4: The Hellenistic-Roman Theatre of Paphos

Case Study 4 describes the methodology adopted by STARC for the publication on the web and harvesting by Europeana of the virtual reconstruction of the Hellenistic-Roman Theatre of Paphos (Cyprus). STARC, in collaboration with a number of technical partners, produced a high-quality three-dimensional terrestrial model of the theatre by using state-of-the-art photogrammetric and laser scanning acquisition technologies. The 3D model represents the current physical state of the theatre and its surroundings. This Case Study was prepared as part of D5.4, 3D Training Materials and consequently goes into greater depth on the technical aspects.

Title Version Type Size
D5.4 Case Study 4: Paphos Case Study Final PDF 2.76MB

Pompeii 3D PDFs

Fortuna Visiva of Pompeii

The following 21 3D PDF documents have been then published in the website of the “Fortuna Visiva of Pompeii” SNS Project. They are available for download at the following links, each one corresponding to a record describing a monument of the Pompeii Civil Forum, at the end of the record, under the label “Attachments:”.

Arch of Drusus

Arch of Nero

Basilica

Comitium

Eumachia building

Forum holitorium - latrine - aerarium

Macellum

Sanctuary of public Lares

Tabularium

Temple of Apollo

Temple of Vespasianus

Temple of Jupiter or Capitolium

Architectural elements found within the Forum (3 attached 3D PDF files)

Bases of honorary monuments in the Forum (2 attached 3D PDF files)

Porticos of the Forum (4 attached 3D PDF files)